154 He figured the fresh disputed identity «costs» are going to be translated «to add the new award of specialist charge» for two causes: «Earliest, that is what Congress told you it required by terminology. Second, one to interpretation furthers the fresh new [Act’s] statutorily defined intentions.» 155 Fairness Breyer used the fresh bill’s legislative history together with Act’s «basic purpose»-to guarantee one students that have handicaps discover quality public knowledge-because number 1 proof the statute’s meaning. 156 The guy didn’t concur that the statute’s text message is unambiguous. 157 Whether or not he noted you to definitely a literal learning of supply would not approve the expense found by the moms and dads, he determined that this studying are «maybe not inescapable.» 158 Instead, the guy concluded that his discovering, «when you find yourself linguistically brand new quicker natural, are legislatively the more likely.» 159
A convergence off Ideas?
Of a lot evaluator, however, do not always choose since pure purposivists otherwise textualists; if you don’t if they would, in practice, they will apply particular aspects from for every single principle. 160 Certain students possess debated one even the theoretic pit anywhere between these two theories is actually narrowing. 161 Most contemporary purposivists check out the legal text to be one another a starting point 162 and you will an ultimate limitation. 163 And more than textualists will look beyond the ordinary text message, position alone, to find the associated perspective and view what situation Congress was looking to target. 164